Mobile Homes Act 1983 - Full Document
Revised Statute from The UK Statute Law Database Mobile Homes Act 1983 (c. 34) This version of this statute is extracted from the UK Statute Law Database (SLD). It is not necessarily in the form in which it was originally enacted but is a revised version, which means that any subsequent amendments to the text and other effects are incorporated with annotations. There are effects on this legislation that have not yet been applied to SLD for the following years: 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008. See the Tables of Legislative effects and the Update status of legislation page on the SLD website. Mobile Homes Act 1983 1983 CHAPTER 34 An Act to make new provision in place of sections 1 to 6 of the Mobile Homes Act 1975. [13th May 1983] Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:— Annotations: Modifications etc. (not altering text) C1 Act: transfer of functions (1.7.1999) by 1999/672, art. 2, Sch. 1 1 Particulars of agreements (1)This Act applies to any agreement under which a person (“the occupier”) is entitled— (a)to station a mobile home on land forming part of a protected site; and (b)to occupy the mobile home as his only or main residence. (2)Within three months of the making of an agreement to which this Act applies, the owner of the protected site (“the owner”) shall give to the occupier a written statement which— (a)specifies the names and addresses of the parties and the date of commencement of the agreement; (b)includes particulars of the land on which the occupier is entitled to station the mobile home sufficient to identify it; (c)sets out the express terms of the agreement; (d)sets out the terms implied by section 2(1) below; and (e)complies with such other requirements as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State. (3)If the agreement was made before the day on which this Act comes into force, the written statement shall be given within six months of that day. (4)Any reference in subsection (2) or (3) above to the making of an agreement to which this Act applies includes a reference to any variation of an agreement by virtue of which the agreement becomes one to which this Act applies. (5)If the owner fails to comply with this section, the occupier may apply to the court for an order requiring the owner so to comply. (6)Regulations under this section— (a)shall be made by statutory instrument; and (b)may make different provision with respect to different cases or descriptions of case, including different provision for different areas. 2 Terms of agreements (1)In any agreement to which this Act applies there shall be implied the terms set out in Part I of Schedule 1 to this Act; and this subsection shall have effect notwithstanding any express term of the agreement. (2)The court may, on the application of either party made within six months of the giving of the statement under section 1(2) above, order that there shall be implied in the agreement terms concerning the matters mentioned in Part II of Schedule 1 to this Act. (3)The court may, on the application of either party made within the said period of six months, by order vary or delete any express term of the agreement. (4)On an application under this section, the court shall make such provision as the court considers just and equitable in the circumstances. 3 Successors in title (1)An agreement to which this Act applies shall be binding on and enure for the benefit of any successor in title of the owner and any person claiming through or under the owner or any such successor. (2)Where an agreement to which this Act applies is lawfully assigned to any person, the agreement shall enure for the benefit of and be binding on that person. (3)Where a person entitled to the benefit of and bound by an agreement to which this Act applies dies at a time when he is occupying the mobile home as his only or main residence, the agreement shall enure for the benefit of and be binding on— (a)any person residing with that person (“the deceased”) at that time being— (i)the widow or widower of the deceased; or (ii)in default of a widow or widower so residing, any member of the deceased’s family; or (b)in default of any such person so residing, the person entitled to the mobile home by virtue of the deceased’s will or under the law relating to intestacy but subject to subsection (4) below. (4)An agreement to which this Act applies shall not enure for the benefit of or be binding on a person by virtue of subsection (3)(b) above in so far as— (a)it would, but for this subsection, enable or require that person to occupy the mobile home; or (b)it includes terms implied by virtue of paragraph 5 or 9 of Part I of Schedule 1 to this Act. 4 Jurisdiction of the court The court shall have jurisdiction to determine any question arising under this Act or any agreement to which it applies, and to entertain any proceedings brought under this Act or any such agreement. 5 Interpretation (1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires— “the court” means— (a)in relation to England and Wales, the county court for the district in which the protected site is situated or, where the parties have agreed in writing to submit any question arising under this Act or, as the case may be, any agreement to which it applies to arbitration, the arbitrator; (b)in relation to Scotland, the sheriff having jurisdiction where the protected site is situated or, where the parties have so agreed, the arbiter ; “local authority” has the same meaning as in Part I of the M1Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 ; “mobile home” has the same meaning as “caravan” has in that Part of that Act ; “owner”, in relation to a protected site, means the person who, by virtue of an estate or interest held by him, is entitled to posse ssion of the site or would be so entitled but for the rights of any persons to station mobile homes on land forming part of the site ; “planning permission” means permission under [F1Part III of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990]or [F2Part III of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997] ; “protected site” does not include any land occupied by a local authority as a caravan site providing accommodation for gipsies or, in Scotland, for persons to whom section 24(8A) of the Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 applies but, subject to that, has the same meaning as in Part I of the M2Caravan Sites Act 1968. (2)In relation to an agreement to which this Act applies— (a)any reference in this Act to the owner includes a reference to any person who is bound by and entitled to the benefit of the agreement by virtue of subsection (1) of section 3 above; and (b)subject to subsection (4) of that section, any reference in this Act to the occupier includes a reference to any person who is entitled to the benefit of and bound by the agreement by virtue of subsection (2) or (3) of that section. (3)A person is a member of another’s family within the meaning of this Act if he is his spouse, parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece; treating— (a)any relationship by marriage as a relationship by blood, any relationship of the half blood as a relationship of the whole blood and the stepchild of any person as his child; and (b)an illegitimate person as the legitimate child of his mother and reputed father; or if they live together as husband and wife. Annotations: Amendments (Textual) F1 Words substituted by Planning (Consequential Provisions) Act 1990 (c. 11, SIF 123:1, 2), s. 4, Sch. 2 para. 59 F2 Words in definition of “planning permission” s. 5(1) substituted (27.5.1997) by 1997 c. 11, ss. 4, 6(2), Sch. 2 para. 36 Marginal Citations M1 1960 c. 62. M2 1968 c. 52. 6 Short title, repeals, commencement and extent (1)This Act may be cited as the Mobile Homes Act 1983. (2) The enactments mentioned in Schedule 2 to this Act are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule. (3)This Act shall come into force on the expiry of the period of one week beginning with the day on which it is passed. (4)This Act does not extend to Northern Ireland. SCHEDULES Section 2. SCHEDULE 1 Agreements Under Act Part I Terms Implied by Act Duration of agreement 1Subject to paragraph 2 below, the right to station the mobile home on land forming part of the protected site shall subsist until the agreement is determined under paragraph 3, 4, 5 or 6 below. 2(1)If the owner’s estate or interest is insufficient to enable him to grant the right for an indefinite period, the period for which the right subsists shall not extend beyond the date when the owner’s estate or interest determines. (2)If planning permission for the use of the protected site as a site for mobile homes has been granted in terms such that it will expire at the end of a specified period, the period for which the right subsists shall not extend beyond the date when the planning permission expires. (3)If before the end of a period determined by this paragraph there is a change in circumstances which allows a longer period, account shall be taken of that change. Termination by occupier 3The occupier shall be entitled to terminate the agreement by notice in writing given to the owner not less than four weeks before the date on which it is to take effect. Termination by owner 4The owner shall be entitled to terminate the agreement forthwith if, on the application of the owner, the court— (a)is satisfied that the occupier has breached a term of the agreement and, after service of a notice to remedy the breach, has not complied with the notice within a reasonable time; and (b)considers it reasonable for the agreement to be terminated. 5The owner shall be entitled to terminate the agreement forthwith if, on the application of the owner, the court is satisfied that the occupier is not occupying the mobile home as his only or main residence. 6(1)The owner shall be entitled to terminate the agreement at the end of a relevant period if, on the application of the owner, the court is satisfied that, having regard to its age and condition, the mobilehome— (a)is having a detrimental effect on the amenity of the site; or (b)is likely to have such an effect before the end of the next relevant period. (2)In subparagraph (1) above “relevant period” means the period of five years beginning with the commencement of the agreement and each succeeding period of five years. Recovery of overpayments by occupier 7Where the agreement is terminated as mentioned in paragraph 3, 4, 5 or 6 above, the occupier shall be entitled to recover from the owner so much of any payment made by him in pursuance of the agreement as is attributable to a period beginning after the termination. Sale of mobile home 8(1)The occupier shall be entitled to sell the mobile home, and to assign the agreement, to a person approved of by the owner, whose approval shall not be unreasonably withheld. (2)Where the occupier sells the mobile home, and assigns the agreement, as mentioned in subparagraph (1) above, the owner shall be entitled to receive a commission on the sale at a rate not exceeding such rate as may be specified by an order made by the Secretary of State. (3)An order under this paragraph— (a)shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament; and (b)may make different provision for different areas or for sales at different prices. Gift of mobile home 9The occupier shall be entitled to give the mobile home, and to assign the agreement, to a member of his family approved by the owner, whose approval shall not be unreasonably withheld. Resiting of mobile home 10If the owner is entitled to require that the occupier’s right to station the mobile home shall be exercisable for any period in relation to other land forming part of the protected site— (a)that other land shall be broadly comparable to the land on which the occupier was originally entitled to station the mobile home; and (b)all costs and expenses incurred in consequence of the requirement shall be paid by the owner. Part II Matters Concerning Which Terms May be Implied by Court 1The right of the occupier to quiet enjoyment or, in Scotland, undisturbed possession of the mobile home. 2The sums payable by the occupier in pursuance of the agreement and the times at which they are to be paid. 3The review at yearly intervals of the sums so payable. 4The provision or improvement of services available on the protected site, and the use by the occupier of such services. 5The preservation of the amenity of the protected site. 6The maintenance and repair of the protected site by the owner, and the maintenance and repair of the mobile home by the occupier. 7Access by the owner to the land on which the occupier is entitled to station the mobile home.